2 edition of Family labor allocation in the agricultural household found in the catalog.
Family labor allocation in the agricultural household
Pan A. Yotopoulos
by University of Warwick, Development Economics Research Centre in Coventry
Written in English
|Statement||Pan A. Yotopoulos and George G. Mergos.|
|Series||Discussion paper / Development Economics Research Centre -- no.39|
|Contributions||Mergos, George G.|
entered the labor force. Once the oldest children in the family begin working, the household budget constraint is relaxed, permitting more investment in the human capital of younger siblings. Second, time spent in a smaller family is longer for first- and last-born than for middle children (Birdsall, ). However, labor, the time and effort provided by household members, is really the use of human capital ; the second factor of production, capital, is the use of physical or tangible non-human capital (the services provided by land, dwellings, vehicles and equipment).
FARM HOUSEHOLD LABOR ALLOCATION AND HIRED LABOR DEMANDS IN THE MIDWEST U.S.: THE IMPACT OF GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS. Maud Roucan-Kane and Roman Keeney (). No , Working Papers from Purdue University, College of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics Abstract: In addition to farm work, most farm households in developed countries have at least one . "Gender Differentials in Farm Productivity: Implications for Household Efficiency and Agricultural Policy." Food Policy 20 (October ): von Braun, Joachim, and Webb, Patrick J. R. "The Impact of New Crop Technology on the Agricultural Division of Labor in a West African Set- ting." Econ.
Report compensation of $ or more paid to foreign agricultural workers who entered the country on H-2A visas in box 1 of Form W-2 but don't report it as social security wages (box 3) or Medicare wages (box 5) on Form W-2 because compensation paid to H-2A workers for agricultural labor performed in connection with this visa isn't subject to. CiteScore: ℹ CiteScore: CiteScore measures the average citations received per peer-reviewed document published in this title. CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a range of four years (e.g. ) to peer-reviewed documents (articles, reviews, conference papers, data papers and book chapters) published in the same four calendar years, divided by the number of.
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The substitution of capital for labor and new labor-saving technologies has reduced the labor required for farming, yet many farms today depend on hired labor in some form.
Common in the literature is the assumption of perfectly substitutable farm labor. This has implications for the operator's off-farm labor by: 7. In the model of Kongsamut et al. (), technological progress was uniform across sectors, but labor moved out of agriculture because of the household’s desire to change the composition of its consumption allocation toward manufactured goods and services (differences in income elasticities).
The labor allocation decisions of farm households: Defining a theoretical model, Comparative analysis of factor markets for agriculture across member states, Working paper, If permanently leaving agriculture, they have to return the land to local authorities and consequently give up a stream of future land earnings.
This paper analyzes the deterrent effect of this land arrangement on labor mobility by constructing a household model which considers both part-time farming and permanent migration by: This paper studies rural communities' land and labor choices under communal tenure.
I develop a theoretical framework to explain why rural communities Author: Xiaoxue Zhao. Market wages, family composition and the time allocation of children in Family labor allocation in the agricultural household book households Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Development Studies 30(2) January with Reads.
allocation of peasant household labor force, by analyzing the connotation and goal orientation of the allocation of peasant household labor force.
The research shows that the household labor population can be configured in agriculture, non-agricultural industries, and family three Departments.
Bringing in the household sector can make. Intra-household allocation of resources largely depends on two broad processes: the resource generation process and the resource distribution process (Browning et al., ; Fafchamps and Quisumbing, ; Chiappori,).
The resource generation process depends on how various members of the household allocate their labor to production.
Improved technologies are increasingly being promoted to farmers in sub-Saharan-African countries to address low agricultural productivity in their staple crops. the implementation of row planting has important consequences for inter- and intra-household labor allocation, with relatively more use of non-family labor.
The adoption of row. Downloadable (with restrictions). Author(s): Udry, Christopher. Abstract: Virtually all models of the household assume that the allocation of resources is Pareto efficient. Within many African households, agricultural production occurs on many plots controlled by different members of the household.
Pareto efficiency implies that factors should be allocated efficiently across these plots. Using data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics Cost of Living Survey –, this article shows that working children had higher clothing expenditures than did nonworking children and that clothing expenditures were increasing in the income a child brought into the household.
Household-level data from Sierra Leone are used to test whether higher caloric intake enhances family farm labor productivity. This is the notion behind the efficiency wages hypothesis, which has.
Conceptually, the labor allocation decision in the context of utility maximization has been modeled either as an individual utility maximization problem, such as in the migration model of Todaro (Todaro, ), or as a household utility maximization problem, as in the spirit of Becker’s family labor allocation model (Becker, ).
Labor allocation in rural China," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pagesAugust. Nigel Key & Elisabeth Sadoulet & Alain De Janvry, "Transactions Costs and Agricultural Household Supply Response," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol.
82(2), pages. farm using only family’ labor and producing no marketed surplus.” In fifth of- agricultural production for household consumption and markets the remainder.
Further, there is an active labor market for agricultural and other the profit-maximising conditions for the allocation of labor and. For smallholders, labor is critical Family labor Hired labor Inefficient labor allocation constrains development Under-allocation Over-allocation Research on household labor decisions Large body of work on Labor supply & demand technology & income The few studies on labor allocation (Barret et al., ; Andrews et al., ).
Off-farm Labour Allocation Decisions in Small-scale Rural Households in Zimbabwe Article (PDF Available) in Agricultural Economics 30(3) May with 61 Reads How we measure 'reads'. Downloadable. In addition to farm work, most farm households in developed countries have at least one person working off-farm.
The purpose of this paper is to examine if, and how, government payments, personal characteristics and household characteristics affect labor allocation of farm operators and their spouses, and the decisions to hire labor. Downloadable.
Dowry is a cultural practice, ubiquitous in South Asia, in which the brideâ€™s family provides gifts and payments to the groomâ€™s family at the time of marriage.
Using data from Pakistan we find that the presence in a household of unmarried girls and young women is a very strong predictor of propensity to receive remittances from family members working elsewhere. Starting from the top of Figure 1, when a member of a household becomes infected with HIV, household labor will be reduced, both due to the decreased health status of the person living with AIDS (PWLA) and through the labor requirements for of labor will result in decreased agricultural productivity.
Household resources are likely to decline due both to increased HIV related. The choice of control variables builds on the literature of agricultural household models that outline various regimes of household participation in labor markets (Eswaran and Kotwal, Among the deductible expenses are amounts paid to farm labor.
If a farmer pays his child to do farm work and a true employer-employee relationship exists, reasonable wages or other compensation paid to the child is deductible. The wages are included in the child’s income, and the child may have to file an income tax return.
III. The Interface between Time Allocation and Agricultural Development 7. The preponderance of women's labor in agriculture is illuminated by the time allocation studies. Detailed farm system surveys reveal women's greater labor contribution to crop production (Box 2).
A critical dimension is the seasonality of time use (Figure 2).